Causes of Knee Pain
Causes of knee pain are most commonly associated with an injury or disease. An injury affects the tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and bones that form and surround the joint. Examples include a fractured knee cap, ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tear, or a torn meniscus. The menisci are the rubbery cartilage between the thigh and shin bones that act as a shock absorber when we walk. As we age, osteoarthritis can also start to deteriorate this cartilage in the knee causing bone on bone pain.
Sometimes a mere modification of activities or lifestyle will reduce minor knee discomfort. Maintaining a healthy weight is the first step to reducing strain and wear on the knee joint. Additionally, physical therapyand exercise will strengthen the surrounding muscles to help stabilize weak joints. Staying active with low impact activities such as biking, swimming, and walking are excellent ways to relieve discomfort.